Fertility is one of those things that feels confusing and random for many women, but it turns out that a lot of it is predictable. In fact, there are a few common signs that indicate particularly high fertility in a woman. If any of these things are familiar to you, you may conceive more easily than others. That means you’ll need to take extra care when it comes to avoiding an unwanted pregnancy.
Signs of high fertility in a woman
- Your cycle is like clockwork. Having a regular period that you can predict down to a few days from month to month indicates that your body is running smoothly. Predictable periods are a sign of healthy ovulation, which is the window of time during your cycle that you are most fertile, about 13-15 days before your period. Unpredictable periods, or ones that are longer or shorter than normal, may even be an indication of anovulation, a condition where you don’t ovulate at all. The more predictable your periods, therefore, the higher your fertility is likely to be. This is one of the biggest signs of high fertility in a woman.
- Your boobs get sore right before your period. Breast tenderness (also known as “mastalgia“) can be caused by various hormones–estrogen, progesterone, and prolactin. While there are many things that can cause breast pain, the most common is called cyclic mastalgia because it is part of your menstrual cycle. Just before your period, your body retains fluid which can cause swelling and soreness in the breast tissue. As with a predictably timed period, premenstrual breast tenderness is an indication that your body and hormones are healthy and therefore ready to conceive.
- You’ve tested negative for STDs. Some sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammation, which in turn makes it more difficult for a person to conceive. Both of these diseases can cause pelvic inflammatory disease which is linked to infertility. They are the two most common STDs in the US, and often carry no symptoms for women. If you’re wondering about your level of fertility, having an STD screening is probably a good place to start. Testing negative is a sign that you may be very fertile, simply because you have not contracted common barriers to conception.
- You don’t smoke. Smoking has been proven to reduce fertility. Studies have shown that it reduces the number of viable eggs a woman has by damaging their genetic material. This means that it is harder for women to conceive and that there is a higher likelihood of miscarriage. As if this wasn’t depressing enough, smoking also reduces the number of years that a woman is fertile by causing an earlier onset of menopause (between one and four years earlier than in non-smoking women).
- It was easy for your mom to get pregnant. Genetics play a large role in determining how fertile you are. If your mom conceived without difficulty, chances are you will too. However, if women in your family suffered from common reproductive issues such as endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), you may have a higher chance of suffering from them as well. The lack of any of these diseases does not mean you are extremely fertile, it just means you don’t have as many barriers to conception as many other women.
- You’re curvy in your hips. It’s problematic and inaccurate to reduce fertility to a single body type, but studies show that women who gain weight in their hips tend to have higher levels of fertility than other women. Scientists suggest that this may be because fat storage can trigger certain hormones which dictate fertility levels.
- You’re in your 20s. Like it or not, your biological clock is ticking. Menopause is inevitable, and peak fertility occurs long before many women even consider themselves adults let alone potential mothers. The period when you are at your most fertile is somewhere in the late teens and early twenties. After you hit your mid-30s, your ability to conceive starts to drop off and your likelihood of miscarriage increases. By 45, many women are unlikely to get pregnant. Only about 3 percent of women at this age are able to conceive within a year, and the majority of eggs are chromosomally abnormal.
- You’ve gotten pregnant while on hormonal birth control. If you’ve gotten pregnant while on the shot, the pill, or with an IUD, you may be extremely fertile. These types of birth control make conception very unlikely unless you aren’t consistent with taking the pill or your doctor has misplaced your IUD. If you do pregnant despite perfect usage, it could be because your fertility is so high that the hormones in the birth control are no match for your own hormones. If this isn’t one of the biggest signs of high fertility of a woman, we don’t know what is.
- Your sense of smell is practically superhuman. Women often experience a heightened sense of smell during ovulation. This sensitivity is particularly acute with scents associated with men, such as musk. The implication is that this makes women more inclined to have sex and procreate, though it’s hard to imagine that heightened sensitivity to body odor would do anything other than make you convert you to celibacy.
- Your periods are neither heavy nor light. Consistency in flow is an indication that your fertility may be high. Periods that are neither unusually heavy nor unusually light signify that your uterine lining is healthy and ready to protect a baby. Consistency in the length of your period is also a good indication of a uterine lining that is prepared for pregnancy.
Factors that affect female fertility
There are several factors that can affect a woman’s fertility levels, including but not limited to:
- Age. As women age, their fertility declines. The decline in fertility becomes significant after the age of 35.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This is a hormonal disorder that can affect ovulation and fertility in women.
- Endometriosis. This is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of it. This can cause fertility problems.
- Irregular periods. Women with irregular periods may have difficulty ovulating. This can make it harder to conceive.
- Obesity. Carrying an unhealthy amount of excess weight can affect fertility. This is due to hormonal imbalances and problems with ovulation.
- Smoking. Smoking can damage the eggs and cause infertility in women.
- Alcohol consumption. Heavy alcohol consumption can affect ovulation and fertility in women.
- STIs. Sexually transmitted infections can cause damage to the reproductive organs and affect fertility.
- Cancer treatment. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can damage the eggs and affect fertility.
- Stress. Chronic stress can affect ovulation and fertility in women.
Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns
If you have any concerns about your present or future fertility, talk to a doctor. They’ll be able to put your fears to rest. They can also give you vital info to ensure good reproductive health. It may be stressful or scary, but there’s nothing to be concerned about. And if there is, only a medical professional can help solve the problem.